Developmental optometrist

College of Optometrists in Vision DevelopmentDr. M.K. Randhawa, has a degree in human nutrition and a doctor of optometry degree.  She has also undertaken advanced training in developmental vision and vision therapy.  She is a member of the College of Optometrists in Vision Development.

As a developmental optometrist, Dr. Randhawa is an expert in diagnosing and treating developmental vision problems as well as similar vision problems that arise as a result of brain injuries like strokes and impacts to the head such as concussions.

For more information on developmental vision disorders and their treatment, click through this website.  Also visit the website of the College of Optometrists in Vision Development at 

Click here to read Dr. Randhawa's full bio

One of the most famous cases of treatment by a developmental optometrist is neuroscientist Dr. Susan Barry, who, through vision therapy prescribed by developmental optometrist Dr. Theresa Ruggiero, was able to see in three dimensions for the first time in her life at age 47. Her experience had such a profound effect on her personally and intellectually, that she wrote a book, Fixing My Gaze, about it and was the subject of an article in the New Yorker by Oliver Sacks.

Fixing My GazeStereo Sue, The New Yorker



Vision therapy and adults with convegence insufficiency

"Patients should be referred to a behavioral [also known as a developmental optometrist] or neuro-optometrist. It was also noted that referrals made to an ophthalmologist may be insufficient, as they are primarily concerned with the health of the eye only, and ophthalmologists are mostly experienced with acute medical problems rather than rehabilitation issues."

Raymond, et al. Rehabilitation of visual processing deficits following brain injury.NeuroRehabilitation 6 (1996) 229-240.


"Today, a relatively small group of optometrists still practice and continue to perfect optometric vision therapy techniques.  Yet, it is difficult for a strabismic patient to learn about, much less access, this type of clinician."

Dr. Susan Barry, 2010 Journal of the American Optometric Association 


TED: Ideas worth spreading

Neuroscientist (and adult vision therapy success story) Dr. Susan Barry gives a TED Talk about depth perception and vision therapy: